What is it?
Is an infectious disease caused by a virus.
Who is susceptible to it?
Domestic and exotic cats.
How does it spread?
Spread between cats by direct contact or by short distance aerosolization (sneezing) of the bacteria.  Transmission through contaminated objects can also occur.
Time line from exposure to signs?
Signs begin 4 to 5 days post exposure.
What are the symptoms?
Signs include: purulent nasal discharges, eye irritation, coughing, sneezing, and skin infection around the nose.  Severe cases can develop chronic sinus inflammations and pneumonia.  Death can occur in very severe cases and untreated cases.
Is there a test for it?
Not easily done.  Testing requires collecting samples from the mouth or nose to be sent out to the laboratory for virus isolation.
How is it treated?
Usually treated as an outpatient.  Cats are placed on antibiotics and eye medications.  Hospitalization is only needed if the development on pneumonia is suspected.
Cleaning the environment?
This virus is resistant to environmental degradation and to many disinfectants.  Areas should be cleaned thoroughly with bleach
Is there a vaccine?
Yes.  The vaccine (Modified Live) is the “FVR” is the FVRCP vaccine.  The vaccine is given by injection and requires two doses 4 weeks apart with yearly boosters.  Kittens should receive a minimum of two doses after 12 weeks of age.  The vaccine does not prevent infection; rather it reduces the severity and the duration of the disease.
Risk for humans?
The Feline Calicivirus cannot infect people.
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